MV Fugløyhav, built at Vaagland’s yard in Norway, is typical of the modern fishing boat. At only 34m overall length and displacing 499 tonnes, nevertheless she’s packed with modern technology. Variable speed control of the hydraulic pumps that control the main steering gear, the refrigeration system which keeps the catch alive and fresh and the thrusters that positioning the ship perfectly when bringing the valuable catch onboard are all handled by Danfoss VLT® AutomationDrives.
Power control with drives
The main propulsion unit driving the propeller is a diesel engine with a shaft generator supported by an auxiliary diesel generator set. These two generators between them provide the total electrical power throughout the boat, and particularly the many VLT® drives that control the steering, thrusters and refrigeration plant.
Daniel Kvalvik of Elmarin, the contractor in charge of the thruster application, as well as all the electric installation on board says, “For the stern- and bow thruster we have used the Danfoss VLT® AutomationDrive series. Danfoss VLT® drives are easy to program, due to their intuitive and user-friendly Local Control Panel. Danfoss also offered us great support during the project”.
The soft-start characteristic of drive motor control is critical on marine applications as this limits the peak loading on the diesel generators. This means that smaller generator sets can be provisioned, a major benefit as there are always space limitations on-board small vessels.
Precision rudder positioning
The Fugløyhav’s rudder is positioned using a rotary vane hydraulic steering unit. The dual-redundant reversible hydraulic pumps are each controlled by a 22kW VLT® drive, which enables precise analogue control and highly accurate rudder positioning. Since the rudder only comes into play when the boat is changing course, no energy is used at all while sailing straight ahead.
Superior thruster control aids net unloading
The two largest drives, 355kW units, control the bow and stern tunnel thrusters. These provide lateral control not only when docking, but also out in the fishing fields when the boat has to manoeuver to the net as it is brought in. No longer is the net, huge and very heavy, lifted on board and the fish dumped on the deck.
Instead, the boat comes alongside the net and the fish are sucked out of it alive, with minimal damage, and are pumped to refrigerated storage tanks in the bowels of the boat.
A high degree of control of the boat is critical during the net unloading and drive control of the tunnel thrusters provides this. Again, the soft-start and ramp characteristics are valuable benefits of VSD control of thrusters, along with reduced energy consumption.
As Peter Vaagland of Vaagland Båtbyggeri (Shipyard) explains, “Drive control of tunnel thrusters offers much superior control for coming alongside the dock or the net and are much more energy-efficient than the variable pitch propeller alternative. They require less maintenance as there’s a good deal less wear and tear and it’s a highly compact solution, especially valuable in a boat only 34m long. We have delivered this solution for years, with excellent feedback from our customers”.
Ensuring catch quality
Catch quality is a critical aspect of the design of MV Fugløyhav as dead fish decay very rapidly, so to allow the boat to remain at sea and still maintain the quality of the catch, the fish are kept alive on-board, in tanks of refrigerated sea water (RSW) kept at -1.5 oC by a highly efficient refrigeration system. At this temperature, the fish enter a sort of suspended animation and maintain this condition for the duration of the voyage until they are unloaded live and fresh as the day they were caught. This is critical for pelagic fish like mackerel which spoil very quickly.
Fugløyhav’s refrigeration system comprises a 160kW VLT® drive driven screw compressor and two 22kW VLT® drive driven circulation pumps which constantly circulate the water in the holding tanks from bottom to top. Fresh sea water is added as necessary to keep the fish in prime condition.
VLT® control of the compressors and pumps enable highly accurate control of the storage conditions while saving about 20% energy compared to conventional compressor operation. The soft-start and ramp characteristics are again critical features for these systems, the compressor being ramped up to approx. 1/3 speed while the compressor slide valve increases the loading to 100% and the drive continues to ramp up to full speed - 3600 rpm. Constant pressure is maintained in the RSW by controlling the suction pressure.
Single system provides operation benefits
Although Danfoss won the orders for the drives for all of these systems from the various equipment manufacturers, the commonality of operation of the drives is a major benefit. There is only one engineer on board and having all the drives from the same manufacturer will make programming and operating the drives much simpler.
Highest number of certifications
Not every variable speed drive manufacturer can meet the specifications of the marine industry. Drives for marine applications have to meet stringent class specifications relating to safety and reliability. Danfoss has the highest number of certifications of any drives manufacturer, including Lloyds Register, DNV and 6 other world renowned authorities, which gives shipbuilders, the owners and the boats’ skippers, confidence and peace of mind.
VLT® drives aboard MV Fugløyhav
2 VLT® AutomationDrive, 355 kW
1 VLT® HVAC Drive, 160 kW
2 VLT® HVAC Drive, 22 kW
2 VLT® AutomationDrive, 22 kW