Space comfort

  • Overview
  • Related products
  • Case studies
  • News

To achieve the best possible space comfort for users, every building is equipped with a suitable Heating and/or Cooling system. There are various options to increase or decrease the room temperatures and how this is controlled:

  • Terminal units
  • Radiator heating
  • Floor heating

Terminal units

Among others, cover fan coil units, cooling panels and climate ceilings. These are mostly installed in the ceiling and provide a room with heating and/or cooling via a 2-, 3- or 4-pipe system. To control the room temperature, the most accurate results, in both full- and partial load conditions, can be achieved by using Pressure-Independent balancing and Control Valves (PICV). They are simply set to the required flow under full load conditions and function as automatic flow limiters. In partial load conditions, the actuator accurately reduces the flow according to needs. No overflow situation will occur, increasing the energy efficiency of the heat or cooling source.
The actuators can be controlled via a Building Management System (BMS) or stand-alone electronic room controllers. In case the terminal units contain a fan, the room controller can also be used to change the fan speed.

Radiator heating

In most cases, designed as a 2-pipe system with one or more radiators in every room. To control the room temperature, Danfoss radiator thermostats are used. They consist of a thermostatic radiator valve, mostly with a pre-setting of the design flow, and a temperature sensor. A wide variety of sensors ensure accurate control of the room temperature. For example, if curtains prevent proper measurement of room temperature, a version with remote sensor or remote sensor and control provide a better solution.
For optimal space comfort, it is recommended to equip the radiator system with an automatic hydronic balancing solution. This eliminates pressure fluctuations, thereby ensuring that the radiator thermostats function optimally.

Underfloor heating

Offers a high level of comfort by heating rooms from the floor up. The heat is spread evenly and, because it is situated in the floor, it doesn't take up any precious room space. We offer both water-based (hydronic) floor heating as well as electrical floor heating solutions. It can be used to heat all spaces in the building or to heat dedicated spaces, such as hotel bathrooms, where the comfort requirements are highest.
With both hydronic underfloor heating and electrical underfloor heating systems, the room and/or floor temperature can be controlled via room thermostats. These ensure a superb level of space comfort while avoiding rooms being heated when this is not needed.


How we can help you

Accurate room temperature control

High user comfort experience

Complaint-free indoor comfort

Wide variety of systems and control solutions

Danfoss HVAC applications in commercial buildings

Danfoss helps you create better indoor environments with HVAC solutions based on application knowhow and a comprehensive portfolio of products for heating, ventilation and air conditioning in public and commercial buildings. 

Related products

Terminal units control

  • AB-QM- Danfoss

    AB-QM Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valves (PICV) provide both a control functionality and dynamic balancing solution for HVAC heating and cooling systems. PICVs are designed for various types of terminal units and provide high indoor comfort and energy efficiency in public and commercial buildings.

  • Actuators for PICVs- Danfoss
    Actuators for PICVs

    To take advantage of the combined balancing and control features of Danfoss AB-QM it has to be equipped with actuators controlled by room thermostats or a Building Management System. Danfoss offers a broad range of actuators varying from thermal on-off to digital step motor actuators with bus communication.

Radiator heating

  • Radiator sensors- Danfoss
    Radiator sensors

    Danfoss radiator thermostats maintain constant desired room temperatures, individually room by room and help to reduce energy consumption.

  • Radiator valves- Danfoss
    Radiator valves

    Robustly built and designed to meet the rigors of the commercial and industrial sectors, a comprehensive range of Danfoss radiator valves is available for practically all systems and installation conditions.

  • Danfoss Dynamic valve™
    Danfoss Dynamic valve™

    Danfoss Dynamic valve™, the innovative 2-in-1 pressure independent radiator valve that ensures both optimal temperature control as well as creating automatic hydronic balance in two-pipe heating systems – all in a single valve.

Hydronic floor heating

  • Room controls- Danfoss
    Room controls

    To ensure hydronic (water based) underfloor heating or cooling systems achieve the expected high level of comfort and low energy consumption, good room temperature controls are essential. They control the room or floor temperature to avoid overheating. For optimal comfort each room has it's own room thermostat.

  • Manifolds and actuators- Danfoss
    Manifolds and actuators

    Danfoss floor heating manifolds are characterized by their flexibility to establish the best suited manifold solution based on requirements. Select from all the components to construct a manifold with or without pre-setting, flow-meters, shut-off valves and air-vents that best fits your project.

  • Mixing shunts- Danfoss
    Mixing shunts

    Danfoss floor heating mixing shunts establish a water temperature low enough to safely be distributed through the floor heating system. It’s designed to fit the FH manifolds and mixes the warm supply temperature with colder floor heating return flow to the required floor heating supply temperature.

Electric floor heating

  • Electric underfloor heating - thermostats
    Electric underfloor heating - thermostats

    ECtemp™ Smart thermostat is primarily used for controlling electrical floor heating elements. The discreet and timeless design of the square-shaped touchscreen makes the ECtemp™ Smart fit perfectly into any modern design interior. The intuitive mobile app control turns your smartphone into a remote control and enables you to easily operate your floor heating system.

  • Electric underfloor heating - cables
    Electric underfloor heating - cables

    Danfoss heating cables are developed for a variety of applications, including indoor comfort floor heating. Our latest innovation, Danfoss ECflex is the direct result of combining many years of experience with true innovation to create a new level of versatility, flexibility and reliability.

  • Electric underfloor heating - mats
    Electric underfloor heating - mats

    The heating mat can be applied directly to the surface of any old flooring and is installed within the thickness of the tile adhesives and therefore adds no significant height to the floor level.

  • Other electric heating: mirror foil
    Other electric heating: mirror foil

    Mirror heating foils from Danfoss is an effective system for keeping the mirror completely steam free. Fast and easy installation where the self-adhesive side of the heating foil is placed on the back of the mirror.

Case studies

  • Outstanding HVAC flexibility after high-end office building renovation

    Building: Office
    Application: Hydronic balancing and remote control of 4-pipe heating/cooling change-over system
    Challenge: Ensure a flexible to use HVAC system with DGNB sustainability certification
    Solution: Digital NovoCon actuator combined with AB-QM control valves and NovoCon CO6 combined with ChangeOver6 as a combination balance the system hydronically, allow remote access via a BMS and control the room temperatures during both heating and cooling operation.

  • Danfoss contributes to smart HVAC control solution for I-tower at WTC Amsterdam
    Smart HVAC control solution for the I-tower at WTC Amsterdam, the Netherlands

    Building: Office
    Application: Climate panels with a four-pipe change-over system for Heating and Cooling
    Challenge: Establish a modern, innovative HVAC control system optimized for flexibility in (changing) usage of office space
    Solution: Integration of Danfoss field devices with the Building Management System via BACnet bus-communication

  • Waldorf Astoria, Amsterdam
    High-end climate solutions in Waldorf Astoria by Hilton, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

    Building: Hotel
    Application: Hydronic balancing and control for radiator heating and fan coil cooling
    Challenge: Establish top level comfort and minimum energy consumption for heating and cooling
    Solution: Fan-coil units for cooling; 8 heating risers and radiators equipped with Danfoss products.

  • Katowice business centre, Poland
    HVAC control at Katowice business centre, Poland

    Katowice Business Centre is a modern office building where Danfoss hydronic balancing solutions are used; AB-QM balancing and control valves in combination with revolutionary NovoCon® actuators.

  • Prime Tower, Zurich, Switzerland
    Energy comfort in Prime Tower, Zurich, Switzerland

    The Prime Tower in Zurich is a building of many records. With its 126 meters it is the tallest building in Switzerland with 36 floors and 40,000 square meters accommodating mostly offices. And with its more than 6,000 AB-QM valves it is also one of the biggest heating and cooling installations ever designed and installed by Danfoss.

  • Hydronic balancing in SAMBA bank head office, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hydronic balancing in SAMBA bank head office, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    At the heart of the new King Abdullah Financial District in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, stands the impressive SAMBA head office. The 40-storey building represents a landmark in sustainable architecture and engineering and forms an attractive work space for the 800 people working in the SAMBA Financial Group head office.


  • AB-QM 4.0 Flexo connection set voor Fan Coil Units
    NEW: AB-QM 4.0 Flexo
    Monday, October 19, 2020

    Read more about our new, compact, 8-in-1 PICV solution for fast installation, flushing and servicing of Fan Coil Units in hydronic HVAC systems as used in public and commercial buildings.

  • NEW: AB-QM 4.0 Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valve (PICV) for smart buildings
    Friday, October 11, 2019

    Danfoss AB-QM 4.0 replaces AB-QM Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valves (PICVs)