Drives for conveyors in mining

Drives for conveyors in mining

Long conveyor capability

Smoothly controlling the acceleration and deceleration of long conveyors reduces mechanical stress throughout all drive-train components and within the conveyor belt itself. This leads to longer lifetime for the belt and other drive components, increasing asset availability and lowering maintenance and operating costs. Having the flexibility to control the speed of long conveyors can help optimize the complete system, reduce bottlenecks and maximize the efficiency of a material flow process, resulting in operating cost savings.

Maximize belt life

Installing multiple motors on long conveyors is common practice. Apply drives to ensure load sharing between each motor for reliable operation and to maximize belt life. Danfoss drives include both Master-Master and Master-Follower control solutions for this. Selection of the control solution depends on the configuration of the conveyor drives on the conveyor. For example, you can mount all drives at the head end or drives at both the head and tail end.

Both approaches are easy to implement and have proven to be robust, reliable solutions for long conveyors.

Bulk handling

For downhill conveyors, continuous regenerative braking operation is typically required. Here, an Active Front End (AFE) drive or alternatively a regenerative drive panel solution, using a standard 6-pulse drive with separate regenerative module, is the best solution to feed back energy when the conveyor runs downhill.

Intelligent control of electric motors by AC drives ensures that the mine and plant can cut equipment operating costs thanks to

  • Regenerative braking which recovers energy when the conveyor runs downhill
  • Controlled start-up procedure
  • Reduced mechanical stress for all components of the start motor and clutch
  • Smooth control algorithms ensuring gentle startup, braking, and transition between full and partial load operation, to minimize wear on equipment.

Danfoss drives are used extensively on long conveyors in excess of 1-km length, which are common on bulk material applications on mine sites, processing plants and port facilities such as:

  • Run-of-mine (ROM) bin feeder conveyors
  • Stockyards
  • Train loadout conveyors
  • Pipe conveyors
  • Long overland conveyors
Drives for conveyors in mining

Optimal quarry conveyor performance at Italcementi quarry

Fearless of the difficult conditions, rugged VLT® drives ensure efficient production of hard limestone

Products

  • VLT® AutomationDrive FC 301 / FC 302
    VLT® AutomationDrive FC 301 / FC 302

    The VLT® AutomationDrive FC301 / FC302 is designed for variable speed control of all asynchronous motors and permanent magnet motors. It comes in a standard version (FC301) and an advanced high dynamic version (FC302) with additional functionalities.

  • VACON® NXP Air Cooled
    VACON® NXP Air Cooled

    Designed for a broad range of demanding applications, focusing on higher power sizes and system drives.

Case studies

  • Italcementi enjoys optimized process performance in all conditions
    Italcementi enjoys optimized process performance in all conditions

    Italcementi chose the VLT® AutomationDrive FC 302 to ensure optimized process performance in their harsh environments.

  • 80 kW power savings at Kolomela mine
    80 kW power savings at Kolomela mine

    Back-channel cooling in VLT® AutomationDrives reduces substation heat load enabling use of a smaller air-conditioning system with lower power consumption. 

  • Minimal energy use at Shanxi Zhongxi Cement
    Minimal energy use at Shanxi Zhongxi Cement

    VLT® Drives move a 10.5-km-long conveyor belt. Load sharing between drives transfers energy from downhill segments to the uphill parts.

  • Optimized production at KWB Coal Mine
    Optimized production at KWB Coal Mine

    90 kW VLT® Drives ease the mechanical stress on the heavy equipment and improve steering when the excavator turns sideways.

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