District heating and cooling for buildings

Use of district heating equals higher individual comfort and energy efficiency

The basic principles behind district energy are remarkably simple. At one end of the network is an energy source (often a multi-fuel CHP plant). Heat is then distributed via a network of insulated pipes to residential, commercial and industrial buildings across the city.

At the end-user level, individual buildings are connected to the district heating network. In the building a substation with heat exchangers and various control components efficiently transfer hot water for room heating and domestic hot water (DHW) purposes into a building’s HVAC and DHW systems.

Choosing the right heat distribution system for a building (or network) is influenced by three main criteria:

  1. technical connection specifications;
  2. heat requirements of the building; 
  3. comfort preferences of the building’s occupants.

The more accurately you can balance those needs, the better the service you will provide to your end-users and the more energy efficiency you will achieve. Both of these factors are good for your business.

At Danfoss, we develop and produce all  major components for our substations and flat stations in-house. Because we manufacture the key components ourselves, you will benefit from optimized heat transfer and system control performance. Pressure, differential pressure, temperature and flow are integrated and automatically controlled on nearly all Danfoss substations.

Controllers without auxiliary power, electronic controllers, motorized control valves and energy meters ensure maximum comfort and energy efficiency. They also enable integration into higher-level control and monitoring systems.

How we can help you

Wide product portfolio from flat stations to large site-specific heat transfer units and extensive range of control components

Consultancy and customer dedication, years of experience in buildings and maintaining district energy network

Innovation, technical optimization and performance

Safety and reliability in cooperation, expertise through the entire delivery chain of district energy

Global reach with strong local representation and know-how

Experience with all types of initial energy sources

What are the benefits of district heating and cooling for buildings?

Related products

  • Differential pressure, flow and temperature controllers- Danfoss
    Differential pressure, flow and temperature controllers

    Balance your network, save energy and improve end-user comfort by hydronic balancing and control of district energy networks. Optimal hydronic balance and perfect temperature control are the key to maximizing the efficiency of heating or cooling networks.

  • Self-acting temperature controllers- Danfoss
    Self-acting temperature controllers

    Thermostatic temperature controllers are used to control the flow temperature in instantaneous/storage domestic hot water and heating systems. In multi-family houses and commercial buildings, they are used for hot water systems and for return temperature limitation in district heating applications.

  • ECL controllers- Danfoss
    ECL controllers

    Electronic controllers are intelligent temperature regulators. They can be adapted to a variety of district heating systems, ensuring high comfort level and optimum energy utilization.

  • Monitoring solutions- Danfoss
    Monitoring solutions

    Monitoring solution Danfoss Enspire enables remote monitoring, control and optimization of your district heating system in a reliable and stable way.

  • Brazed heat exchangers- Danfoss
    Brazed heat exchangers

    The performance and efficiency of the Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger (BPHE) have been proven through 30 years of constant development to ensureing high efficiency

Tools and apps

Case studies

  • A cost-effective solution: district cooling in central Copenhagen
    A cost-effective solution: district cooling in central Copenhagen

    Energy efficiency was a major consideration in the design of Copenhagen’s district cooling project, where VLT® drives contribute to reducing CO2 emissions by more than 3000 t annually.

  • Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually
    Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually

    The world’s largest solar heating plant in Silkeborg, Denmark harnesses energy to heat the homes and workplaces of 40,000 citizens. It supplies 18-20% of the annual heat consumption in the city of Silkeborg, Denmark, which has an ambitious target of CO2 neutrality in heat production by the year 2030.

  • District energy as the heating and cooling solution in Teknopark Istanbul, Turkey

    Building: Office
    Application: Production of heating, cooling and domestic hot water
    Challenge: Design and construct customized district energy solutions for all buildings on the park
    Solution: Danfoss  designed and constructed 3 pre-assembled DSE substations containing control valves for the heating, cooling and domestic hot water, heat meters, self-acting controllers and electronic controllers connected to a central Building Management System. 

  • First ever district heating system with substations in Turkey

    600 residents in the town of Soma in Western Turkey now enjoy the comforts of a reliable and cheap heat supply from the town’s brand new district heating system. 

    In the coming years, more than 8,000 households will be joining the system that exploits the excess heat from the municipal power plant – a great improvement from the charcoal boilers of the past, and much less expensive.

  • District heating network in HafenCity, Hamburg, Germany

    The district heating supply in the new Hamburg city quarter "HafenCity" is a cost-effective and sustainable solution amongst other supplied by Danfoss.

  • Buildings connected to district heating, Tuzla, Bosnia

    So far, 70% of all buildings in the city have been connected to the district heating system and the network is gradually being optimized. In the near future, two hospitals, one of them a big regional center, will be connected as well.