Global study: Pressure management reduces water and energy loss

Monday, June 4, 2018

Throughout the entire water cycle, pressure plays a key role in ensuring an efficient, reliable, and sustainable water supply. And for decades, the water industry has struggled with numerous pressure-related challenges in the water system. By using intelligent pressure and flow management, a global study proves how water facilities can reduce unnecessary water and energy loss. Water utilities worldwide are struggling
with pressure-related challenges Too often, the pressure in large parts of water distribution networks is much higher than needed, to ensure the most remote customer has minimum pressure.

This filure to divide the system into controlled pressure zones causes several challenges:

  • High energy consumption and water loss
  • Water hammering and cavitation
    – pressure peaks damage the pipes
  • Major pressure peaks are overlooked due to limited frequency in pressure monitoring
  • Pumps can run dry if the pressure is not monitored and controlled
  • Expensive down-time of the system due to unpredicted maintenance
Study reveals convincing facts about pressure management

To overcome these challenges, an increasing number of OEMs and water utilities use pressure transmitters, switches, and variable speed drives to improve the performance in applications, pumps, and booster pump systems. A global study for water distribution  systems with experience from 112 pressure zones in 10 different countries, reveals key facts about the benefits of working intelligently with pressure management. On average, pressure in the pipe systems was reduced by 38%, which led to a reduction in new breaks of 53%. Among other benefits with better pressure control was a typical 38% water-leakage reduction, an extended asset lifetime for piping, and fewer network-related complaints. At the same time, energy consumption was reduced by 20-40% – leading to great cost reductions for the water utilities.

Control the pressure at every step of the water cycle

Danfoss pressure sensors and variable speed drives are key components for
reducing water and energy loss throughout the whole water cycle. The majority of our sensors are used for water sourcing and distributions. However, Danfoss sensors also play an important role in wastewater treatment.
At the same time, Danfoss pressure sensors play an important role in agriculture where sensors are used for irrigation. Danfoss sensors are also used in industry where they are used in booster pump systems. And finally, a broad range of sensors are used in commercial and residential buildings to control water pressure. With less pressure in the system, waterworks can significantly reduce water loss and ensure a more efficient water supply resulting in:
• Reduced water loss through leakages
• Minimized risk of water hammering
• Fewer new leaks in the system
• Less downtime and consumer disruption
• Minimum risk of water contamination
• Significant energy savings

Electronic pressure transmitters prevent problems with pressure peaks

It can be relatively costly for water distribution suppliers to place transmitters far away from the waterworks, as they need electricity and data connection. For this reason, some water utilities choose battery-powered pressure transmitters with a wireless signal. However, to prevent the batteries from running flat too fast, the
transmitters are set to send data signals only twice or four times every hour. The problem with this way of collecting data is that major pressure peaks in the system are overlooked – potentially damaging the system. More and more of these water utilities are now realizing that electronic pressure transmitters with real-life monitoring allows for instant action. And that electronic pressure transmitters pay in the long run – even though the initial costs are higher.

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  • Water pumps and pressure - Danfoss
    Water pumps and pressure

    Close to one third of the world’s population currently lives in water stressed and scarcity areas. Danfoss has solutions that can help communities reduce their water loss, save energy and reduced investment in pipe replacement.