Beijing reservoir boats case study

Friday, May 15, 2020

Powering emission-free vessels

The Miyun Reservoir is the largest artificial lake in China and Beijing’s primary source of clean water. Located eight miles northeast of Beijing, the approximately 180 square kilometers reservoir provides clean water to the 21.5 million habitants of the city. This makes it crucial that boats operating there emit the least amounts of emissions and pollution as possible.

As part of a directive for inland vessels to reduce their emissions, the Government of China commissioned two electric workboats to carry out water quality control testing and engineering operations on the Miyun Reservoir.

Delivering compact hybrid and fully-electric power

In charge of developing the vessels, CSSC Guijang Shipyard and the CSSC Shanghai Marine Diesel Research Institute turned to Danfoss Editron to equip the two workboats with EDITRON marine systems.

The first workboat is a fully-electric, 68ft-long engineering workboat used to carry out rescue operations, forest fire prevention and cleaning missions. It is equipped with an AC power system and driven by two rotary propellers powered by variable speed electric motors, which gives it a 124-mile operational range. Danfoss Editron provided two propulsion motors which use synchronous reluctance assisted permanent magnet technology, as well as inverters and active front end drives.

The second workboat is a 78ft-long hybrid water quality monitoring vessel that undertakes daily and emergency water samples and sludge collection testing. The boat is powered by electric power only, giving it an operational range of 31 miles, though it is also equipped with a diesel generator as backup in case of emergencies. For this vessel, Danfoss Editron provided a more advanced DC power system consisting of two synchronous reluctance assisted permanent magnet propulsion motors and inverters, two sets of bidirectional high-power DC/DC converters and two microgrid controllers.

Danfoss Editron’s drivetrains are half the size of conventional diesel-electric propulsion and power plant systems, making them the most compact and efficient on the market today.

Enabling China’s Green waterways

Both workboats drastically reduce exhaust CO2 emissions and fuel costs. The hybrid water quality monitoring vessel alone saves around 80.5 million ft3 a year in CO2 emissions compared to traditional propulsion mode. It also reduces fuel costs by RMB 114,300 (around US$16,000) annually.

In addition to operational cost and emissions savings, switching to an electric solution has also resulted in noise and vibration reductions, enabling a smoother crossing for both crew and passengers.

Another fully-electric ferry, the M/Y Beijing Number One Ferry, has recently been added to the fleet just a couple of months after the launch of the first two workboats. As the Government of China is introducing additional Green River Way and low-emission shipping initiatives, the demand for emission-free ships in China should increase in the near future. 

“We were really pleased to cooperate with Danfoss Editron’s China team in the Chinese marine propulsion market,” said Duan Zheng, CSsSC Shanghai Marine Diesel Engine Research Institute’s Chief Technical Officer.

 “The team has been excellent at providing professional support, both commercially and technically, throughout the project. It is an excellent global enterprise which has always delivered cutting-edge products to the market. We sincerely hope that together we can strengthen and extend our cooperation in the future”. 

Specifications

Project Miyun Reservoir workboats
Customer

CSSC Guijang Shipyard

CSSC Shanghai Marine Diesel Research Institute

Location Miyun Reservoir, Beijing, China
Scope Helping reduce pollution on the Miyun Reservoir, Beijing’s main source of clean water, by developing its first two emission-free workboats. 
Solution

Two EDITRON marine systems:

  • Fully-electric engineering workboat: equipped with an AC power system and driven by two rotary propellers powered by variable speed electric motors.
  • Hybrid-electric water quality monitoring vessel equipped with an advanced DC power system consisting of two synchronous reluctance assisted permanent magnet propulsion motors and inverters, two sets of bidirectional high-power DC/DC converters and two microgrid controllers.

Technical specifications

Water Monitoring Ship

Total length: 24.80m

Breadth: 5.6 m  

Depth: 2.25m

Total tonnage: 90t

Battery capacity: 960kWH

Danfoss Editron’s scope of delivery:

  • EM-PMI Generator ,1 set;
  • EC-C1200 Generator rectifier,1 set;
  • EM-PMI Propulsion Motor, 2 sets;
  • EC-C1200 Inverter for propulsion Motor, 2 sets;
  • EC-C1200 Generator rectifier,1 set;
  • EC-C1200 DC/DC for Battery, 2 sets;
  • Hotel Inverter, 2 sets.

Engineering workboat

Total length: 22.50 m

Breadth: 5.4 m

Depth: 2.15m

Total tonnage: 75t

Battery capacity: 960kWH

Danfoss Editron’s scope of delivery:

  • EM-PMI Propulsion Motor, 2 sets;
  • EC-C1200 Inverter for propulsion Motor, 2 sets;
  • LCL Filter, 2 sets;
  • EC-C1200 AFE rectifier, 2 sets.
Benefits
  • Reduced emissions
  • Space and weight savings
  • Higher efficiencies
  • Less audible noise
  • Reduced vibrations
  • Lower maintenance costs