Underfloor heating - electric

  • Overview
  • Documents
  • FAQ
  • Related products
  • Case stories

Electric underfloor heating for all types of floors

Electric heating is an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly floor heating solution. It is flexible for new build homes and renovations for both wet and dry installation.​

Quick-responding heating systems are easy to control. They enable great comfort and convenience with their user-friendly navigation providing long-lasting effects according to the highest-ranking quality standards.​

Features and benefits

For any room in your home

For any type of flooring

Prevent slipping on wet tiles in bathrooms or kitchen

Electric heating is a good choice for low-energy houses

An invisible heat source

Fast-responding floor heating​

High durability and no maintenance​

Long lifetime with 20-year full warranty

Electric heating can be utilized as comfort heating (as an additional heat source) or as the primary heat source.​

The electric floor heating system consists of three main components:​

  • heating element (cable, thin heating mat, or heating element for laminate floors, etc.)​
  • thermostat with air and/or underfloor temperature sensors
  • accessories
Floor type: ceramic tiles, natural stone or terrazzo floors

Floor type: ceramic tiles, natural stone or terrazzo floors

Ceramic tiles and marble floors, granite, and terrazzo are smart, easy to maintain, and almost indestructible. There are many advantages to choosing a stone floor. However, unheated stone floors are very uncomfortable.

On the other hand, cold stone floors can be combined with electric underfloor heating. Our heating cables or mats can be placed directly under the stone floor to help ensure warm feet and a comfortable temperature in the room.

Electric underfloor heating is suitable for stone floors as they lose heat quickly. However, such floors also heat up quickly when heating cables or mats are placed directly under the floor. This is accurately controlled by our advanced room thermostats. They not only control the heat precisely, they also ensure maximum energy efficiency. This ensures excellent comfort and economy. The comfort temperature of the floor depends on the floor covering. For tiles, stone, and terrazzo, this is 26 – 29°C.

Floor type: wooden parquet and laminates

Floor type: wooden parquet and laminates

Wood is a natural material which contracts or expands depending on the temperature. This creates demand for a floor heating system to distribute the heat in a gentle and controlled way.
 
The electronic thermostats with floor temperature sensors are the perfect choice for wooden floors. They ensure that the temperature in the floor construction is always in accordance with the tolerance level recommended by the manufacturer of the wooden floors.

Under all circumstances, it is important that the floor is well insulated underneath to ensure the best heating comfort and most economical result.

Floor type: wall-to-wall carpeting

Floor type: wall-to-wall carpeting

Wall-to-wall carpets (or fitted carpets) are warm by nature. However, a carpeted floor can still be advantageously heated using electrical underfloor heating. The heating cables or mats must be covered with a layer of tile mortar or self-leveling floor screed with a minimum thickness of 6 mm. This provides a good, even distribution of heat over the floor’s surface.

Carpets have a slight insulating effect on underfloor heating. This means that an underfloor heating system installed beneath a thick woolen carpet may take slightly longer to react to changes in the room’s temperature.
 
Choosing any type of floor covering, please consider the limitations provided by the floor supplier.​

You are welcome to contact us at any time for help or questions at EH@danfoss.com

Documents

Documents
Type Name Language Valid for Updated Download File type
Catalog Danfoss Product catalogue English Multiple 01 Jun, 2022 28.0 MB .pdf

FAQ

Electric Heating

Total heating, also called primary heating, means that electric floor heating is used as the only source of heat in a house. Electric floor heating is an effective heating system that can easily heat up your house as the only heating source. The Electric total heating system is designed to cover total heat loss and provide full heating. 

Normally, DEVIflex™ / ECflex heating cables for indoor are placed in the lower part of a reinforced concrete layer with a maximum thickness of 5 cm. 

Underfloor heating relies on the heat produced being unrestricted. If it is restricted, it may cause “hot spots” and, at worst, discolor the floor. Things such as beanbags, mattresses laid directly on the floor may cause problems. Any object that allows air movement underneath it is OK. 

This depends on various factors, such as: 

  • What system has been installed and where (under tile or in slab)?
  • Type of screed that has been laid?
  • Depth of the floor screed? 

Warm-up time could be anything from 30 minutes for an indoor heating mat placed under tiles through to 5 – 7 (or more) hours for an in-slab storage system.  

Heating Bathrooms

An easy and clean solution such as a heating mat gives you possibility to leave an old floor without removing it and creating unnecessary mess. The thought of broken up floors and craftsmen running in and out of the house used to be enough for most people to simply drop the idea of having their feet and floors heated. 

Today, there is no need to shiver when thinking about floor heating. You are able to get a warm floor without going through the expenses, dirt, and fuss of having to break up the old floor. 

The heating mat is only between 2.3 mm and 4 mm thick, depending on type. It can therefore easily be fitted directly on to your existing floor, whether it is concrete, timber or even an old tiled or terrazzo surface, without needing to cut up the existing floor construction. 

The heating mat is installed within the thickness of the tile adhesives and, therefore, adds no significant height to the floor level. Consequently, there should be no need to reduce door heights, raise skirting boards, etc. 

Electric Heating Installation

The covering has to be flexible or have a flexible additive. Talk to your tiler for advice.

The adhesive bed has to be thick enough to cover the cables; generally 4-5mm is sufficient. 

We recommend that the adhesive used is allowed to dry/cure naturally and to follow manufacturer’s recommendations. Turning the floor system on too early can result in damage to the floor (to quick drying out). 

It is recommended that any screed be allowed to cure naturally, and this would also depend upon its thickness. Generally, the length of time from the screed being laid and the system being ready to switch on is sufficient for it to dry out. 

The required output heat can be anything from 40-150 W/m². It must be based on a detailed calculation of the room heat loss in W/m² from an architect, consulting engineer or your local DEVI / Danfoss office. 

The next step is to determine the heatable floor area heat. This means that the area covered by cupboards, bathtubs, lavatories, etc. has to be deducted from the total room area of a room. In order to ensure a quickly responding heating system, the total calculated output has to be increased by approx. 30%. 

The required output can now be found heat [W/m²] = 1.3 x room x room/heat. 

Locally, the output may be up to 2 times higher, e.g., in front of larger window areas. These rim zones are achieved by reducing the distance between the cables. 

Cost

The cost depends on the size of the room, available floor space, and whether the system is to be used as the only heating source or as a warm floor. 

A 5m² bathroom with shower would normally require a 4 m² heating mat and a DEVIreg™ / ECreg thermostat. For dimensioning of total heating requirement contact DEVI /Danfoss Electric Heating partner in your local area. 

Electric floor heating normally costs less in purchasing and installation than any other conventional heating system. The general rule is: the bigger installation area is, the lower the system price per square meter. 
 

Safety

DEVI / Danfoss electric floor heating is a safe solution. It is approved for use in houses, apartments and other facilities. 

Safety is ensured by the high quality, reliable cable construction, and installation in accordance to building standards. The heating conductor is insulated first by a layer of insulation, and then surrounded by a screen that is earthed. Finally, it is protected by an outer layer of insulation. 

The heating mat is water resistant, and features a safety screen under the outer sheath, which is connected to the electricity ground connection. Electric Heating system by Danfoss floor heating is manufactured according to the international IEC standards, ensuring that the customer is protected by the authoritative standards. 

In the last few years, there has been an increased focus on magnetic fields. There has been a lot of research within this area, but despite the large number of studies, there is no proof of health risk possibilities. Consequently, it is not possible to set a precise maximum limit to how much we can exposure ourselves to without causing health risks. 

In relation to suggested limits, our daily exposure values are very low. 

The table below shows measurements of the strength of magnetic fields in both electric heating cables in floor and other frequently used electric appliances. 

Unit Distance Value Distance  Value
DEVIflex®DSIG          6cm 16µT    100cm 0.8µT
DEVIflex®DTIP        6cm 0.04µT    100cm 0.04µT
DEVIflex®DSVF        6cm 5.5µT     100cm 0.16µT 
DEVIflex®DTVF      6cm     0.4µT         100cm 0.2µT
Flourecent lamp, 40 watt    6cm 73.2µT 30cm 3.3µT  
Transformer, 12V/25 watt  6cm 35.1µT 30cm 0.7µT
PC, in front of screen     6cm 0.9µT 30cm 0.1µT 
Shaver rechargeable      6cm 940µT     30cm 44µT 
Refrigerator, 160 watt     6cm 1.1µT  30cm 0.2µT 
Clock-radio    6cm 11.4µT  30cm 0.6µT 

 

As the table shows, the strength of the magnetic field around the heating cable is at the same level or lower as other electric appliances. 

Troubleshooting and Support

There are number of reasons why this could happen: 

  • Check that you have a supply (voltage) to the thermostat.
  • Check to make sure the thermostat is operating.
  • Check the settings on the thermostat.
  • Check the continuity and resistance of the mat.

These checks should be carried out by a qualified electrician

Yes, we recommend professional installers to help you find any fault and repair it. Contact us and we’ll appoint you to your nearest installer. 

Related products

Electric floor heating

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    The heating mats are used for installation in a thin layer of tile adhesive, self-leveling mixture, or similar. The standard minimum thickness of the floor layer is 5-8 mm while the thickness of electric heating mat is 3–4.5 mm. This minimizes the floor level increase. Electric heating mats consist of a thin cable securely fixed on self-adhesive glass-fiber mesh, usually of 50 cm width. Thin heating mats are manufactured as ready-made heating sections with a specific area (i.e. 0.5, 1, 1.5 … 12 m²) including a power supply cable (cold lead) and hermetically sealed connections.

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    Analogue thermostats are electronic control units allowing setting the heating system type and adjustment of control parameters.​

Case stories

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    40 igloos - Aurora cabins – are located in the wintry forest. They are glass-roofed so that guests can wrap up in a blanket and enjoy the breathtaking views of the Milky Way, the North star and the Northern lights.