District heating

  • Overview
  • Tools and apps
  • Case studies
  • Related products
  • News

Enter a new dimension of district energy

Discover ultimate network resilience and energy efficiency with Danfoss Titan™ for continuous optimization of substation performance.

Let's unlock the grid

As the complexity of district energy continues to increase, demands for a stable and efficient grid have never been higher. This makes digitalization the fundamental lever for new generations of district energy and for an optimized grid—from production to distribution and consumption.

Danfoss boasts the industry’s only complete portfolio of proven end-to-end solutions—from innovative technology and components to optimization tools and services. Combined with our extensive hardware domain knowledge and years of experience, we can help today’s utilities not only optimize their supply of district heating but also impact decarbonization and energy consumption in cities.

It’s time to unlock the grid’s full potential. For ultimate cost-effectiveness, energy efficiency, and resilience on the path to a greener future.

Digital twin technology for substations - Danfoss Titan™

Discover Danfoss Titan™: a groundbreaking solution with digital twin technology. Achieve correct commissioning, enhanced performance, and the lowest return temperature. With intuitive cloud commissioning and continuous optimization, you ensure optimal settings for different working conditions. Enjoy 1-3 °C reduction in return temperature, actionable insights , reliability, and the shortest commissioning time. Experience energy efficiency and savings like never before.

Sector coupling: smart energy videocasts

Sector coupling: smart energy videocasts

Introducing the smart side of the energy system using sector coupling to connect the different energy sectors. This setup can support decarbonizing the energy supply and fight against climate change.

We also encourage you to watch our case specific videos from Copenhagen and Sonderborg on how small- and large-scale district heating systems play an integral part of sector coupling.

Enough waste heat to cover all our heating needs

Did you know that the EU generates enough waste heat to cover its total energy demand for heat and hot water in residential and service sector buildings? In this article, Saška Rihtaršič, Vice President of Danfoss District Energy, explains how we can use district heating and hydronic balancing to tap into this underutilized heat source.

Trends driving district energy

The shift in the district energy sector from single source to multi-source, from fossil fuels to renewables and surplus energy, and from high temperature to low temperature district heating, brings with it several key challenges.

Danfoss end-to-end district energy solutions deliver actionable insights enabling continuous optimization and optimal temperature control on both demand and supply side.

DEN illustration

Unlock in-depth knowledge and inspiration

Resilient District Energy
Designing resilient infrastructures
The time to design
Unlock digital transformation
Unlock digital transformation
Jonas Loholm Hamann, Head of business development at Danfoss District Energy, explains smart control solutions can turn the complexity of heating networks into an advantage supporting greater resilience and flexibility.
Accelerating the global transition to net zero
Accelerating the global transition to net zero
District energy offers a fast track to decarbonizing heating and cooling in the building sector. Find out how in this article by Oddgeir Gudmundsson, Director at Danfoss Climate Solutions.
Heat networks explored

Re-engineering energy efficiency: Heat networks explored

District energy networks can make a huge impact on the road to decarbonization. Find out why – and how the Danfoss HQ walks the talk – in this podcast with Jonas Loholm Hamann, Head of Business Development for Danfoss District Energy.

End-to-end efficiency in urban buildings

End-to-end efficiency in urban buildings

As urbanization increases, what is the most resilient, energy efficient, and climate-friendly heat supply systems? Oddgeir Gudmundsson, Director at Danfoss Climate Solutions, compares the future-proof potential of district heating and hydrogen.

End-to-end optimization

Addressing main challenges in district energy

Hydronically unbalanced systems result in high flow and high return temperatures. ∆T directly impacts heat production cost and efficiency, distribution network cost and efficiency. Challenge in district energy is how to maximize network and production efficiency while providing best quality of supply.

Our solution

To solve those challenges, you need to optimize supply temperature, improve ∆T and balance supply temperature and flow. With utilization of intelligent solutions and components system from Danfoss you are able to:

  • Improve primary side ∆T by increasing efficiency of the secondary side;
  • Achieve optimal balance between ∆T and flow;
  • Reduce distribution & production costs.

It is estimated that due to operation cost reduction and improved efficiency we can achieve min 1% reduction of primary energy generation cost for each 3K of ∆T increase.

Water & heat losses, shift of critical points in network, extensions of the network and many other factors cause high cost of production due to poor planning. Challenge in district energy is how to minimize investment cost and maximize consumption density making optimal network dimensioning and economically prioritized investments.

Our solution

To solve those challenges, utilize thermo-hydraulic model to:

  • Avoid over-designing;
  • Verify capacity and assess impact on the whole network.

It is estimated that due to use of proper planning at network dimensioning & support with components sizing (consultancy) we could reduce investment for 17% comparing to traditional design.

Decentralization and increased fuel complexity make integration and forecasting much more difficult. Challenge in district energy is how to maximize utilization of production sources with best economy and efficiently manage complex networks while still improving utilization of various heat sources with best economy investments.

Production of heat from renewables can be prioritized and better controlled, helping the utility to be spot on (or above) the target.

Our solution

Solution to those challenges is efficiently production planning (fuel-mix) by utilizing:

  • Demand forecast;
  • Real time network balancing;
  • Heat production simulation.

With this you will support 27% EU renewable energy target.

Regulative for energy savings demands yearly energy savings and clear documentation proving those. Challenge in district energy is how to achieve end-user energy savings target and invest to secondary heating side to improve efficiency of the primary side. Goal is to make smart investments.

Our solution

Solve those challenges by:

  • Sourcing and developing know-how on potential measures and proofing of savings.
  • Executing secondary side measures with best cost-performance ration on primary side.

In the end, you can achieve more than 1.5% of end-user savings annually (EU Energy directive target which is only relevant for countries with obligation schemes).

Peak heat load and expensive peak fuels stretch DHU resources and make heating more expensive for both DHUs & end users. It has also a high effect on CAPEX as well as OPEX. Challenge in district energy is how to lower the effect of peak energy demand on network operation costs and cover peak demand with regular heat sources while lowering investment and operating costs.

Our solution

Solve those challenges by:

  • Heat production simulation;
  • Maximizing utilization of heat accumulation in buildings and network;
  • Executing control measures for heat-up ramping.

With this you can achieve up to 20% peak energy demand reduction.

Legacy SCADA systems make data integration difficult and time consuming. Challenge in district energy is how to make data integration easier and less time-consuming while lowering investment and maintenance cost.

Our solution

Solution is to save time and money by using modern SCADA with:

  • Open database access
  • Open connectivity
  • Auto-generated key process and performance indicators
  • Auto commissioning functions

All of the above remedies will help unlock your hidden resources and should add up to 30% improved efficiency compared to traditional SCADA.

Challenge in district energy is how to extend customer services provided by DHU and increase customer perception of DHU as reliable, transparent and flexible partner.

Our solution

Solution is to position DHU as an expert in energy efficiency and make it an obvious choice for energy supply towards end user by:

  • Providing additional services e.g. safety monitoring and maintenance contracts;
  • Providing supportive tools e.g. Enspire and Heat Selector;
  • Providing training and recommendations towards secondary system modernization;
  • Providing solutions for system modernization and optimization.

This will support integration of primary and secondary side and increase customer’s satisfaction.
 

Challenge in district energy is how to cope with increased competition in district heating segment, develop new business areas to secure profitability and don’t miss the digitalization train.

Our solution

Solution is to position DHU as an expert in energy efficiency and make it an obvious choice for energy supply towards end user by:

  • Offer heating bills reduction and maintenance optimization;
  • Offer full package solution for secondary side, including equipment (Enspire, TRV, stations, ASV).

With all this, DHU can improve competitiveness and increases profitability by using new sales channel. In the end, DHU will be up-to-date and profitable.

Uncover the potential of district heating

Uncover the potential of district heating

Increasing the share of Europe’s heat demand covered by district heating will boost both savings and energy efficiency. Check out our infographic to explore the potential in district heating systems.

How we can help you

Product portfolio for district heating and cooling applications in networks and buildings

Consultancy and customer dedication

Innovation, technical optimization and performance

Safety and reliability in cooperation

Global reach with strong local representation and know-how

One experienced partner for optimal plant operation, optimal network operation and delivering perfect service to your customers

More resources about district heating

Tools and apps

Case studies

  • if (isSmallPicture) { Eurasburg; } else if (isBigColumns) { Eurasburg } else { Eurasburg }
    Successful transition from oil boilers to a local heating network in Eurasburg

    In the Wittelsbacher Land near Augsburg the local network in Eurasburg supplies heat to 80 buildings using a wood chip heating system. Danfoss’ substations ensure efficient heating in all building types, and its modern SCADA solution enables remote system monitoring and management. 

  • if (isSmallPicture) { Electrification and sector coupling achieve CO2 goals at FlexHeat Nordhavn; } else if (isBigColumns) { Electrification and sector coupling achieve CO2 goals at FlexHeat Nordhavn } else { Electrification and sector coupling achieve CO2 goals at FlexHeat Nordhavn }
    Electrification and sector coupling achieve CO2 goals at FlexHeat Nordhavn

    DENMARK: The FlexHeat district heating plant at Copenhagen’s Nordhavn harbor emits 315 fewer tonnes per annum of CO2 than the LPG gas-based alternative.

  • if (isSmallPicture) { World leader in biogas reduces CO2 emissions by 50,000 t annually; } else if (isBigColumns) { World leader in biogas reduces CO2 emissions by 50,000 t annually } else { World leader in biogas reduces CO2 emissions by 50,000 t annually }
    World leader in biogas reduces CO2 emissions by 50,000 t annually

    By generating power and heat from biogas instead of fossil fuels, MEC-BioGas reduces its CO2 footprint by 50000 tpa. Danfoss VLT® drives ensure optimal uptime in the 24/7 operations.

  • if (isSmallPicture) { Full-scale biogas plant in Kalundborg ensures the return of all nutrients back to nature; } else if (isBigColumns) { Full-scale biogas plant in Kalundborg ensures the return of all nutrients back to nature } else { Full-scale biogas plant in Kalundborg ensures the return of all nutrients back to nature }
    Full-scale biogas plant in Kalundborg ensures the return of all nutrients back to nature

    AC drives from Danfoss help convert biomass from insulin and enzyme production to energy.

  • if (isSmallPicture) { Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually; } else if (isBigColumns) { Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually } else { Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually }
    Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annually

    The world’s largest solar heating plant in Silkeborg, Denmark harnesses energy to heat the homes and workplaces of 40,000 citizens. It supplies 18-20% of the annual heat consumption in the city of Silkeborg, Denmark, which has an ambitious target of CO2 neutrality in heat production by the year 2030.

  • if (isSmallPicture) { ; } else if (isBigColumns) { } else { }
    Heating facility reconstruction in Kopaonik mountain resort, Serbia

    Building: Hotel
    Application: Hydronic balance, control and monitoring of a heating system
    Challenge: Improve the energy efficiency of old heating system
    Solution: Danfoss installed motorized control valves, hydronic balancing valves and electronic controllers with monitoring software

Related products

News