An indirect substation is used when district heating network conditions, such as pressure and temperature, do not allow direct connection. When a substation is connected indirectly, a heat exchanger provides energy-efficient heat transfer. It also ensures that the primary network supply side and the secondary building installation side remain safely separated.
In this way, the building application works regardless of pressure or temperature variations in the district heating network (hydronic balancing) and is safe from pipe breaks or leaks.
Danfoss indirect substations are self-contained units that are generally wall-mounted. They can support single or multiple heating circuits, with or without domestic hot water production on the primary or secondary side.
These advanced solutions are also available with an electronic controller for weather compensation. This ensures easy and energy-efficient operation while simultaneously allowing central monitoring and energy consumption transparency.
Features and benefits
Advanced solutions available also with an electronic controller for weather compensation
Indirect substations with Micro Plate™ heat exchangers provide energy efficient heat transfer
District Heating Substations operating guide
Use this document for planning indirect heating / cooling, dhw production and other water based heating systems. Can be used for DSA; DPS; DSE; DSS; DSM; and DSC product types.
Smaller, lighter, more efficient: Danfoss' compact substation DSA1 Mini
Learn how the station is installed, as well as tips and tricks for commissioning and maintenance.
Tools and apps
Solar heating plant reduces CO2 emissions by 15,700 tonnes annuallyThe world’s largest solar heating plant in Silkeborg, Denmark harnesses energy to heat the homes and workplaces of 40,000 citizens. It supplies 18-20% of the annual heat consumption in the city of Silkeborg, Denmark, which has an ambitious target of CO2 neutrality in heat production by the year 2030.
District energy as the heating and cooling solution in Teknopark Istanbul, TurkeyBuilding: Office Application: Production of heating, cooling and domestic hot water Challenge: Design and construct customized district energy solutions for all buildings on the park Solution: Danfoss designed and constructed 3 pre-assembled DSE substations containing control valves for the heating, cooling and domestic hot water, heat meters, self-acting controllers and electronic controllers connected to a central Building Management System.
Renovation of an apartment building with flat stations, Hamburg, GermanyUntil 2014, the apartments in this multi-family building located in the Hamburg suburb of Bergedorf were heated using electrical water heaters and supplied with domestic hot water using electrical instantaneous water heaters. Now, after the renovation, a block heating station in the basement of the building provides heating distributed via flat stations installed in the stairwell and used for decentralized domestic hot water. Tenants were able to stay in their apartments throughout the renovation process.
Flat stations in apartment building in Hamburg, GermanyVisitors to Hamburg’s Henriette-Herz-Ring who let their gaze drift upward will discover two shipping containers on the roof of the apartment building. They are the visible result of an innovative planning initiative to replace inefficient gas boilers with Danfoss flat stations. The highlight of this renovation: residents did not have to vacate their apartments.