Hydronic analyzer test proof: significant savings on energy costs
Renovation of the Sunway Resort Hotel in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
In 2007 the Sunway Resort Hotel & Spa had a wish to renovate all their hotel rooms. Although the owners of the hotel were already positive about the use of Danfoss AB-QM Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valves (PICVs), they wanted to have additional proof for the possible energy savings and benefits. Tests with a Danfoss data logger, the Hydronic Analyzer, that were conducted between 2007 and 2011 proved the clear differences between the conventional and new solution.
The Sunway Resort Hotel & Spa is a five star hotel located within the integrated Sunway Lagoon Resort in Kuala Lumpur. The 800 acre outstanding landmark consists of hotels, conference and convention centres, a spa, a theme park, shopping and entertainment mall, medical centre, educational facilities and a multitude of distinctive convention, business and leisure facilities.
Two different setups to prove the case
The hotel has about 500 fan coil units that were originally equipped with a conventional solution, a 2-way control valve and a manual balancing valve. When the first phase of the hotel renovation was finished, one third of the hotel rooms were equipped with about 150 pieces of AB-QM. At that time Danfoss offered the hotel owner to test the system with the Hydronic Analyzer comparing the two solutions: conventional and the AB-QM. The results of the analysis showed significant energy saving potential, both on the energy for pumping and the efficiency of the chiller. Upgrading of all 500 fan coil units with AB-QM valves would improve the efficiency of the chiller and also save on pumping, about 60% on the overall energy bill.
The tests were conducted in two similar hotel rooms with a different hydronic setup:
- One conventional, with the use of manual balancing valves and control valves.
- One energy saving proposal, with the use of Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valves.
Measurements made clear
Figure 1a shows the relation between the ΔT and the cooling capacity measured at the fan coil unit. This graph represents the result of measurements on the fan coil units with a traditional control valve and manual balancing valve. Figure 1b represents a fan coil units equipped with AB-QM.
- In the left graph the average ΔT is 2K, the cooling capacity is 2.2 kW and in the right graph the average ΔT is 5K, and the cooling capacity is 2.1 kW. We can therefore conclude that with the AB-QM the cooling capacity is practically the same while the ΔT increases significantly. This will substantially increase the efficiency of the chiller as can be seen in figure 3.
- Figure 2 shows graphically the relation between the heat exchangers relative emission and the relative flow. The AB-QM provides exactly the designed emission at a 100% flow, while the traditional control valve and manual balancing valve produce an overflow of 150% (250-100%) with only 10% more emission.
- Figure 3 shows graphically the relation between the co-efficiency of the performance (COP) and the chiller load percentage. Overflow through the fan coils causes inefficient chiller operation due to the so called low ΔT syndrome. Furthermore, because less water needs to be pumped for a similar capacity, the pump speed can be more than halved resulting in substantial energy saving on pumping energy.
The solution comprises:
- AB-QM valves, size: DN25
- Actuators TWA-Z NC, 230 VAC
- Tests were conducted with CCR2 controllers, performing as data
Advantages of the renovation solution:
- No extra installations needed
- High energy efficiency
- Low maintenance costs
- Shorter start up time
- Good control characteristics
- Increased room comfort
Calculations of this particular case show that the average flow rate has decreased from 1045 to 410 l/h. This reduces the pump speed with an impressive 61%.
Overall the installation of pressure independent balancing and control valves clearly showed substantial benefits for the Sunway Lagoon Hotel. Not only did it increase the comfort in the rooms, but it also maximized the chiller efficiency which lowered the energy bills. With simplified calculations now being possible, the estimated payback time on the new solution was significantly shorter. The fast and smooth commissioning of the AB-QM valves also saved a great amount of time and did not interrupt the daily business at the resort.
AB-QM Pressure Independent balancing and Control Valves (PICV) provide both a control functionality and dynamic balancing solution for HVAC heating and cooling systems. PICVs are designed for various types of terminal units and provide high indoor comfort and energy efficiency in public and commercial buildings.