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Danfoss has been engineering innovations designed to enhance comfort & save energy for over 80 years. Learn more about our sustainable building technology like AB-QM™ in our Sustainable Buildings video below...

AB-QM™ -
Simple, Affordable, Comfort.

Pressure independent control excellence from the global market leader for over 30 years.

Discover how Danfoss AB-QM™ Pressure independent control valves (PICVs) can improve system efficiency by eliminating overflows and increasing ΔT.

What is Danfoss AB-QM™ ?

AB-QM™ is a pressure independent control valve with a built-in, integrated differential pressure regulator. The unique design allows the valve to be selected via required flow versus traditional Cv calculations.

When equipped with a perfectly matched Danfoss electric actuator, AB-QM™ PICVs increase energy efficiency & room temperature control, improving indoor climate conditions. PICVs are typically found in HVAC heating and cooling systems.

 

Typical AB-QM™ PICV applications include:

  • air handling units
  • climate ceilings
  • variable air volume boxes
  • fan-coil units
  • terminal units

AB-QM™ Features & Benefits

Mechanical pressure independent technology

Integrated differential pressure regulator for exceptional flow control.

Easy setting and sizing

Selecting the right AB-QM™ is much less complicated than sizing and selecting conventional control valves, and no Cv calculations are required.

Wide range of valve sizes

Valves are available in ½” through 10”, covering a wide variety of HVAC applications.

Field adjustable flow setting

No tools are required for the ½" to 1-¼" valves. Simply lift, rotate, and lock valve adjustment knob on your required flow setting. 

Tight close-off/clog resistant

Unique two-stage close off resists debris.

Learn more about Danfoss AB-QM™ valves

Learn more about Danfoss AB-QM™ valves

Watch a brief overview of Danfoss AB-QM™ pressure independent control valves, see how they work, and how they can help optimize your HVAC system.

Product range

Available valves guide
Available valves guide
Size (inch/DN mm)

½" - 10" Valves

Max Flow (GPM)

1.2 - 1600 GPM

Flange Type

Choice of pipe connections:

  • ½" - 2"
    • Male NPT
    • Female NPT (¾" & 1")
    • Female Sweat
  • 2½" - 10"
    • ANSI Flange

Related products

  • AB-QM™ Actuators

    To take advantage of the combined balancing and control features of Danfoss AB-QM it has to be equipped with actuators controlled by room thermostats or a Building Management System. Danfoss offers a broad range of actuators varying from thermal on-off, to digital actuators with bus communication.

Documents

Type Name Language Valid for Updated Download File type
Installation guide 5 to 10 in ABQM Valve Installation Guide English United States 15 Aug, 2019 813.8 KB .pdf
Operating guide AB-QM (½” to 1¼” ) English United States 15 Aug, 2019 1.0 MB .pdf
Brochure AB-QM Hospital Brochure English United States 14 Aug, 2019 2.3 MB .pdf
Engineering sheet AB-QM Line piping dwg - VAA7A122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 96.1 KB .pdf
Brochure AB-QM Million Reasons Brochure English United States 14 Aug, 2019 4.2 MB .pdf
Engineering sheet AB-QM piping appl dwg - VAA7B122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 71.1 KB .pdf
Data sheet AB-QM Thermostatic Operators- VDCVU122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 185.1 KB .pdf
Brochure AB-QM University Brochure English United States 14 Aug, 2019 809.4 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve 2nd gen 1.5" to 2" Submittal English United States 14 Aug, 2019 119.4 KB .pdf
Data sheet AB-QM Valve Datasheet English United States 15 Aug, 2019 2.7 MB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve High Flow ISO Flange Submittal VLA7H122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 75.9 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve ISO 8" and 10" Submittal VLA7J122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 101.2 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve Submittal (2.5" to 4") English United States 15 Aug, 2019 238.7 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve Submittal 1/2" to 1-1/4" (Gen. 3) English United States 15 Aug, 2019 35.6 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve Submittal 5"- 6" English United States 15 Aug, 2019 137.7 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AB-QM Valve Submittal 5" to 10" (High Flow) English United States 15 Aug, 2019 190.3 KB .pdf
Case story AB-QM Valves Raise Profits for CUBO Organic Poultry Farmer VZA7N122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 2.3 MB .pdf
Promotion material AB-QM™ Presetting and Tagging Services Flyer English United States 15 Aug, 2019 1.9 MB .pdf
Catalog AB-QM™ Quick Select Guide English United States 15 Aug, 2019 7.3 MB .pdf
Data sheet AME 10 and 13 series modulating actuator English United States 14 Aug, 2019 238.1 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AME 10 Motor Actuator Submittal VLHUS122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 268.0 KB .pdf
Data sheet AME 25 Series spring function actuators English United States 14 Aug, 2019 195.4 KB .pdf
Data sheet AME 25 Series spring function actuators English United States 14 Aug, 2019 171.5 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AME 25 SU_SD Actuator Submittal VLHUE122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 383.5 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AME13 SU/SD Actuator Submittal VLHUD122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 382.6 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AME55QM actuator submittal VLHUH122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 264.4 KB .pdf
Case story Amsterdam Noord-Holland State Case Study English United States 15 Aug, 2019 113.7 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AMV 10 Actuator Submittal Actuator VLHUT122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 297.4 KB .pdf
Data sheet AMV 10 and 13 series 3pt floating actuator English United States 14 Aug, 2019 196.6 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AMV13 SU/SD Actuator sSubmittal VLHUK122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 412.2 KB .pdf
Data sheet AMV435 Actuator Datasheet VDHUT122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 665.0 KB .pdf
Fact sheet AMV435 Actuator Submittal VLHUG122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 449.9 KB .pdf
Data sheet Battery Backup for AME 55QM & 85QM- VDHUD122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 164.5 KB .pdf
Article Delta T for Texas As Seen in Engineered Systems Magazine VØA7I122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 282.8 KB .pdf
Brochure Design Center Flyer VBA7Q122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 381.5 KB .pdf
Case story High-end renovation project (Waldorf Astoria Hotel) English United States 14 Aug, 2019 479.3 KB .pdf
Article Houston Methodist Hospital Gains Energy & Performance Benefit from Improved Chilled_Water Delta-T English United States 14 Aug, 2019 233.8 KB .pdf
Case story Hydronic Analyzer Tests Prove Significant Savings in Malaysian Hotel VZA7S122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 417.2 KB .pdf
Case story Keeping it Cool in Downtown Dubai, Burj Khalifa, VZA7T122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 223.4 KB .pdf
Case story Monumental Energy Savings in Cooling System, Consplant Tower VZA7Q122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 247.7 KB .pdf
Case story NA AB-QM Project References English United States 14 Aug, 2019 394.7 KB .pdf
Article PICVs & VRFs: Two Sides of the Same Coin VØA7H122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 557.2 KB .pdf
Case story Prime Tower Case Study English United States 15 Aug, 2019 219.4 KB .pdf
Case story Renovation of a one pipe system with 18 percent energy savings English United States 15 Aug, 2019 719.2 KB .pdf
Case story Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) Case Study English United States 15 Aug, 2019 381.9 KB .pdf
Case story Second Life for One-Pipe Heating System in Moscow, Russia VZA7U122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 612.9 KB .pdf
Case story Sky-High Comfort, the Sustainable Way, Sky Tower VZA7R122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 282.0 KB .pdf
Case story The Park - Small Valves Introduce Big Changes to Building Efficiency and Occupant Comfort VZA70122 English United States 14 Aug, 2019 180.0 KB .pdf
Data sheet TWA-Z thermo-actuator English United States 14 Aug, 2019 95.3 KB .pdf
Case story UMKC Student Union Building Chooses Danfoss AB-QM English United States 14 Aug, 2019 104.8 KB .pdf

Tender texts

PRESSURE INDEPENDENT TEMPERATURE CONTROL (PICV) & BALANCING VALVES

A. Control Valves:

Factory fabricated pressure independent with internal differential pressure regulator (DPRV) which automatically adjusts to normal changes in system pressure and provides 100 percent control valve authority at all positions of the valve; maintain proportional/linear flow coil characteristics; and maintain a liner flow characteristic. The PICV shall accurately control the flow from 0-100 percent full rated flow with an operating pressure differential range of 3 to 60 PSIG, FCI 70-2 Class 4 shut-off on all sizes and field serviceable. Control valve shall incorporate control, balancing and flow limiting.  Hydronic system pressure independent control valve bodies shall meet ASME B16.34 or ASME B16.15 pressure and temperature class ratings based on the design operating temperature and 150 percent of the system design operating pressure and  shall have the following characteristics:

1. NPS 2 and Smaller: Class 150 bronze or brass body with union connections, stainless steel trim, stainless steel rising stem, stainless steel disc or ball, and screwed ends with back seating capacity repackable under pressure.

2. NPS 2-1/2 and Larger: Class 125 iron or ductile iron body, stainless steel trim, stainless steel rising stem, stainless steel disc or ball, flanged ends with back seating capacity repackable under pressure.

3. Pressure Control Seat:  Brass construction with vulcanized EPDM.

Retain one or both sub-paragraphs below.

Maximum pressure drop of up to 5 psig (35 kPa) is usually acceptable.  Show pressure drop on Drawings where critical.
4. Sizing: Line size.

5. Fittings and Components: All Fittings and Components shall meet ANSI standards and be totally compatible with readily available components in North America (except as allowed for 8” valves and above – Proper Companion Flanges must be supplied).

6. Close-Off (Differential) Pressure Rating:  Combination of actuator, DPRV action, and trim shall provide minimum close-off pressure rating of 150 percent of total system (pump) head.

7. Valves shall be manufactured by one manufacturer throughout the project.

8. PICV’s shall be supplied by the PICV manufacturer only; “branded or 3rd party” PICV’s (those products which have been purchased from a manufacturer and labelled as manufactured by a supplier) are not acceptable.

B. Electronic Actuators:

Direct-mounted self-calibrating type designed for minimum 60,000 full-stroke cycles at rated force and shall be from the same manufacturer as the pressure independent control valve; branded or 3rd party actuators must be submitted and approved prior to bid. The actuator shall provide visible position indication. Fail positions on power failure shall include in-place, open or closed as noted in the ATC / BAS controls specifications.

Coordinate first subparagraph and list below with Part 2 "Manufacturers" Article.  Retain "Available" for non-proprietary and delete for semi-proprietary specifications.  If list does not include manufacturers of systems that make or market this equipment under their own name, those manufacturers' names may be added.  List can be deleted if it is not important that specific manufacturers be named for this product.
1. Valves: Sized for maximum circuit flow rate, generally line sized.

2. Actuator to Coil Characteristics: Actuators shall be matched to provide the Heat Exchanger or Coil Characteristics of the product to be controlled – either Linear or Equal Percentage.

Actuators for Equal Percentage Characteristic coils shall be field set to Equal Percentage characteristics or possess built in adjustment features to provide an Alpha (α) Characteristic matching theα Characteristic of the coil or Heat Exchanger.

3. Overload Protection: Electronic overload or digital rotation-sensing circuitry.

4. Fail-Safe Operation: Mechanical, spring-return mechanism or Capacitance return.  Power Requirements (Two-Position Spring Return):  24-V ac.

5. Power Requirements (Modulating):  Maximum 10 VA at 24-V ac or 8 W at 24-V dc.

6. Proportional Signal:  0 to 10Vdc or 2 to 10-V dc or 4 to 20 mA, and 2- to 10-V dc position feedback signal.

7. Actuators for service above Ceilings shall possess UL listings and Approvals.

8. Temperature Rating:  40 to 104 Degrees F.

C. 3rd Party Test Results:  The manufacturer shall submit in his submittal documentation package a set of 3rd Party test reports from a recognized testing agency verifying the accuracy and operation of the submitted valves and associated actuators.  Separate reports for valves and actuators will not be acceptable.

D. Acceptable Manufacturers:

1. Base Bid:  Danfoss AB-QM PICV valves

2. Alternate Deduct Manufacturer Bids may be Accepted with Approval by the Engineer Prior to Bid, including submission of 3rd Party Test Reports.

Case studies

  • High-end climate solutions in Waldorf Astoria by Hilton, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

    Building: Hotel
    Application: Hydronic balancing and control for radiator heating and fan coil cooling
    Challenge: Establish top level comfort and minimum energy consumption for heating and cooling
    Solution: Fan-coil units for cooling; 8 heating risers and radiators equipped with Danfoss products.

  • HVAC control at Katowice business centre, Poland

    Katowice Business Centre is a modern office building where Danfoss hydronic balancing solutions are used; AB-QM™ balancing and control valves in combination with revolutionary NovoCon® actuators.

  • Energy comfort in Prime Tower, Zurich, Switzerland

    The Prime Tower in Zurich is a building of many records. With its 126 meters it is the tallest building in Switzerland with 36 floors and 40,000 square meters accommodating mostly offices. And with its more than 6,000 AB-QM valves it is also one of the biggest heating and cooling installations ever designed and installed by Danfoss.

  • SAMBA bank head office cuts energy use by 25% with AB-QM, Riyadh, UAE

    At the heart of the new King Abdullah Financial District in Riyadh stands the impressive SAMBA head office. The 40-story building represents a landmark in sustainable architecture and engineering and forms an attractive work space for the 800 people working in the SAMBA Financial Group head office.

  • RIT
    Rochester Institute of Technology puts PICVs to the Test

    In hydronic HVAC systems made up of traditional balancing and control valves, system pressure is affected every time a valve changes its position. When the system pressure changes, the flow through all of the valves reacts and causes the amount of heat transfer through each device to also change.

  • Energy savings and optimal passenger comfort for a cruise ship

    Air-conditioning for passenger comfort is second to propulsion for using energy on a cruise ship and can account for 30-40% of fuel consumption which could be 50,000 tonnes of Bunker oil for a large cruise ship each year. The AB-QM, Pressure Independent Balancing and Control Valve, (PIBCV), can save 25-30% of HVAC energy costs compared to conventional distribution designs, equating to about US$1 million each year at today’s oil prices for a large modern cruise ship.

Videos

To view additional AB-QM™ videos please visit our support video page.

Support