A sizing machine stretches yarn from the spinning machine to size the yarn before it is woven. Sizing machines are in great demand in India and neighbouring countries processing cotton yarn mainly for denim cloth. Typically a sizing machine needs a min. of 4 to a max. of 10 drives of range from 1.5KW to 37KW.
It’s important that the size box, dryer and drag roll motors are synchronised, and that the proportion is adjustable. The winder is a center winder. The reduction ratio of the winder motor is 15 (chain wheel + geared motor).
The diameter of the spool (the empty beam) is approx. 160 mm; the winding tension is 3000~7000N with full holding torque at 0 RPM. It’s essential to maintain accurate control of the yarn tension between the drag roll and the winder.
Dryer: A VLT® automationDrive FC 301 with VLT® Motion Control Option MCO 305 works in closed loop speed feedback and acts as a master. It receives a line speed command and sets the tension for the beamer and other interlocking commands via a fieldbus. The Motion Control Option MCO 305 is used to calculate the winder diameter using analog I/P signals from an ultrasonic distance sensor. The Motion Control Option sets and keeps the winding tension dynamic depending on the set and the actual tension and the yarn diameter build-up.
The VLT® AutomationDrive FC 301 with an encoder feedback option card works in closed loop speed feed back and receives speed reference in the form of digital pulses from the dryer. The speed is synchronised and adjusted by +/- 2 - 5 % - known as the "stretch ratio".
The VLT® AutomationDrive works in closed loop and receives speed reference from the dryer and from a mechanical dancer as tension feedback.
A VLT® 5000 Flux work with torque control speed feedback and receives a torque reference in the form of analog signals from the dryer (MCO 305). Various settings such as initial winder diameter, full winder diameter (Diameter. built-up ratio) , yarn count, set tension , initial tension reference etc. are sent from a PLC-HMI on serial fieldbus by the MCO and is in turn used by the winder drive to make adjustments.
A common DC supply is employed for powering all the drives and provides load sharing. A complete remote user interface is provided through a PLC HMI. The PLC also reads status and other data from all the drives through the RS 485 serial communication.
This application was jointly developed along with India Textile Partner M/S Digicon Automation